Statistical Mistakes

The statistical reviewer's handbook

Independent observations

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  2. Gönen M, Panageas KS, Larson SM. Statistical issues in analysis of diagnostic imaging experiments with multiple observations per patient. Radiology 2001;221:763-767.
  3. Park MS, Kim SJ, Chung CY, Choi IH, Lee SH, Lee KM. Statistical Consideration for Bilateral Cases in Orthopaedic Research. JBJS Am 2010;92:1732-1737.
  4. Parsons NR, Teare MD, Sitch AJ. Unit of analysis issues in laboratory-based research. eLife 2018;7:e32486. DOI:
  5. Ranstam J. Repeated measurements, bilateral observations and pseudoreplicates, why does it matter. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2012;20:473-475
  6. Pan Y, Rose CE, Haber, Ma Y, Carrasco JL, Stewart B, Keitel WA, Keyserling H, Jacobson RM, Poland G, McNeil MM. Assessing agreement of repeated binary measurements with an application to the CDC’s anthrax vaccine clinicaltrial. Int J Biostat 2013;9(1).
  7. Vaux DL. Research methods: Know when your numbers are significant. Nature 2012;492:180–181.
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